Improved detection of chemical substances from colorimetric sensor data using probabilistic machine learning
|Lasse L. Mølgaard, Ole Buus, Jan Larsen, Hamid Babamoradi, Ida L. Thygesen, Milan Laustsen, Jens K. Munk, Eleftheria Dossi, Caroline O'Keeffe, Lina Lässig, Sol Tatlow, Lars Sandström, Mogens H. Jakobsen|
|Abstract||We present a data-driven machine learning approach to detect drug- and explosives-precursors using colorimetric sensor technology for air-sampling.|
The sensing technology has been developed in the context of the CRIM-TRACK project. At present a fully-integrated portable prototype for air sampling with disposable sensing chips and automated data acquisition has been developed. The prototype allows for fast, user-friendly sampling, which has made it possible to produce large datasets of colorimetric data for different target analytes in laboratory and simulated real-world application scenarios.
To make use of the highly multi-variate data produced from the colorimetric chip a number of machine learning techniques are employed to provide reliable classification of target analytes from confounders found in the air streams. We demonstrate that a data-driven machine learning method using dimensionality reduction in combination with a probabilistic classifier makes it possible to produce informative features and a high detection rate of analytes. Furthermore, the probabilistic machine learning approach provides a means of automatically
identifying unreliable measurements that could produce false predictions.
The robustness of the colorimetric sensor has been evaluated in a series of experiments focusing on the amphetamine pre-cursor phenylacetone as well as the improvised explosives pre-cursor hydrogen peroxide. The analysis demonstrates that the system is able to detect analytes in clean air and mixed with substances that occur naturally in real-world sampling scenarios.
The technology under development in CRIM-TRACK has the potential as an effective tool to control trafficking of illegal drugs, explosive detection, or in other law enforcement applications.
|Type||Conference paper [With referee]|
|Conference||Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear, and Explosives (CBRNE) Sensing XVIII|
|Year||2017 Month April Vol. 10183 No. 6|
|BibTeX data|| [bibtex]|
|IMM Group(s)||Intelligent Signal Processing|
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